➗✖️ OpenAI New NLP Challenge: Mathematical Reasoning

Weekly news digest curated by the industry insiders

📝 Editorial 

Mathematical reasoning has long been one of the mystical challenges for ML models. In recent years, we have seen tremendous advances in natural language processing(NLP) with methods such as transformers powering models like GPT-3 that can solve many complex language tasks. However, even those models struggle when presented with multi-step mathematical reasoning problems. Take a simple word math problem such as the following : 

“Tim grows 5 trees. Each year he collects 6 lemons from each tree. How many lemons does he get in a decade?” 

From an ML perspective, creating a model that solves these types of problems presents some fundamental challenges. In addition to the sophisticated interpretability required in math reasoning problems,  they are very sensitive to cascading errors. Mathematical reasoning models need to be able to correct mistakes accordingly and concatenate a complex sequence of steps. Not surprisingly, many experts believe that mathematical reasoning problems are a way to expose the limitations of NLP models.  

Despite the challenges, the AI community has been steadily making progress towards creating ML models specialized in multi-step mathematical reasoning. A few days ago, OpenAI published a paper outlining some methods to tackle word math problems. As part of their research, OpenAI also open-sourced GSM8K, a dataset of 8.5K high-quality problems at the grade school math level with varying levels of linguistic diversity. The research from OpenAI favors a dual method in which a model generates many candidate solutions, and a verifier model evaluates the correctness of the possible solutions. This student-teacher approach is resemblant to how we learn math in the first place 😉. OpenAI research is one of the most impressive developments in one of the toughest areas of NLP. 

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🗓 Next week in TheSequence Edge:

Edge#139: we start a new series about MLOps; we explore TFX, a TensorFlow-based architecture created by Google to manage machine learning models; we overview MLflow, a platform for end-to-end machine learning lifecycle management.

Edge#140: a deep dive into new Metacloud by cnvrg.io, an ML platform that offers flexibility and choice over what infrastructure to use for your AI workloads.


Now, let’s review the most important developments in the AI industry this week

🔎 ML Research

Solving Math World Problems 

OpenAI published a paper and dataset presenting a verifier model that can solve word math problems →read more on OpenAI blog

AGI and Real-World Problems 

DeepMind published a thoughtful post outlining some of the fundamental world problems such as weather forecasts that could foster a path towards artificial general intelligence (AGI) →read more on DeepMind blog

A New Language-Image Model 

Microsoft Research published a paper proposing Turing Bletchley, a 2.5 billion parameter model that mastered several image-language tasks in multiple languages →read more on Microsoft Research blog  

Reversible Actions in RL Agents 

Google Research published a paper unveiling a method that can detect reversible actions in RL environments which are key to enabling safer RL models →read more on Google Research blog


🤖 Cool AI Tech Releases

Azure OpenAI Service 

Microsoft announced the release of the Azure OpenAI Service, which enables access to the OpenAI GPT-3 API through the Azure platform →read more on Microsoft AI blog

RStudio in SageMaker 

AWS announced the availability of a fully managed version of the popular RStudio on Amazon SageMarker →read more on Amazon blog

Torch FX 

The PyTorch team unveiled Torch FX, a new TorchVision utility library for feature extraction and transformation →read more on PyTorch blog


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💸 Money in AI

ML&AI:

  • ML acceleration platform OctoML raised $85 million in a Series C round of funding led by Tiger Global Management. Hiring remote.

  • Data training platform Sama raised $70 million in Series B financing led by Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec (CDPQ). Hiring in Montreal, Canada.

  • AI observability startup WhyLabs (covered in Edge#132) raised a $10 million Series A round co-led by Defy Partners and Andrew Ng’s AI Fund. Hiring in Seattle, US/remote.

  • AI database Activeloop raised a $5 million seed investment led by 468 Capital and CM Ventures. Hiring.

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